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STC C - 2016 Annual report

In 2016, the Scientific Technical Committee Cutting STC “C” continued its dedicated work with respect to processes and techniques used to shape components by material removal under the leadership of the current officers:
Chair: R. M’Saoubi, Vice Chair: D. Biermann, Secretary: S. Melkote.

The group held two meetings in 2016: On February 18th in Paris, France and August 26th in Guimaraes, Portugal.

In 2016, STC “C” launched two cooperative working groups to address specific aspects of friction and material constitutive data used in modelling of machining. Through the collective efforts of STC “C” members participating in these two working groups, it is expected that commonly used friction and constitutive models will be systematically benchmarked against each other and against carefully obtained experimental data to determine their accuracy. The recommendations made by the two working groups are expected to advance our understanding of the advantages and limitations of friction and material constitutive models reported in the literature. In doing so, they will provide guidance to researchers and industry practitioners regarding which models to use for a specific work material.

In addition, a number of technical topics were presented and discussed in the two STC “C” meetings. These presentations are listed below. New guidelines for organizing STC meetings put forth by the CIRP Council in 2016 were followed in organizing the August 26th, 2016 STC-C meeting in Guimaraes, Portugal.

STC “C” meeting in Paris, February 2016

At the Paris meeting – attended by 75 members, 22 research affiliates, and 30 guests, the following presentations on cooperative work and technical contributions were made:

Cooperative work within STC-C:
1. Friction Data for Modelling of Machining (V. Schulze, J. Rech, …)
2. Work on Material Constitutive Data for Modelling of Machining (J. Outerio, D. Umbrello, T. Ozel, P. J. Arrazola, Y. Guo and T. Childs)
3. Cooperative Work on Post Treatments of Coated Cutting Edges via Micro-blasting and Laser Machining ((K.D. Bouzakis, P. Charalampous, T. Kotsanis, E. Bouzakis, G. Skordaris, R. M’Saoubi, C. Aurich, B. Denkena, B. Breidenstein)

Technical Presentations:
1. Overview of Temperature Measurement Methods used for Modelling, Simulation and Compensation of Thermal Effects for Complex Machining Processses (DFG Priority Program 1480 CutSim) (J. Sölter)
2. Design and Implementation of a Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar for the Identification of Material Model Parameters (D. Biermann, M. Tiffe, A. Zabel)
3. Physical-Based Constitutive Model for Surface Integrity Prediction Considering the State of Stress and the Microstructure Effects (L.A. Denguir, J.C. Outeiro, G. Fromentin, V. Vignal, R. Besnard, G. Poulachon)
4. Stress Distribution Based Friction Determination Methodology Considering Tool Edge Roundness and Flank Wear with Applications in Machining Ti-6Al-4V and Inconel 100 Alloys (T. Ozel)
5. Improvement of Frictional Contact and Process Stability in Deep Hole Drilling with Micro-Textures (W.K. Soon, M. Rahman)
6. Influences of Surface Hardening on Diamond Machinability of Optical Microstructure (A. Meier, O. Riemer and C. Heinzel)
7. Machinability of Sapphire (S. Min)
8. Milling of Silica Based Ceramic Materials (M.J. Li, S.L. Soo, R. Hood, S. Welch and D. Novovic)
9. High-throughput Drilling of Compact Graphite Iron (A. Shih)
10. Cryogenic Machining of Cobalt Chromium Alloy (A. Shokrani, V. Dhokia, S.T. Newman)

STC “C“ meeting in Guimaraes, Portugal, August 2016

At the STC “C” meeting in Portugal – attended by 52 members, 11 research affiliates, and 13 guests, the following cooperative work and technical contributions were presented:
Proposals for cooperative work within the STC-C
1. Friction Data for Modelling of Machining (V. Schulze, J. Rech, …)
2. Work on Material Constitutive Data for Modelling of Machining (J. Outerio, D. Umbrello, T. Ozel, P. J. Arrazola, Y. Guo and T. Childs)

Technical Presentations
1. Investigation on the Machinability of Titanium Alloys Produced by Selective Laser Melting (J. Rech)
2. Finish Cryogenic Machining of Ti6Al4V Additively Manufactured Microstructures for Biomedical Applications (S. Bruschi, A. Ghiotti)
3. Process Chain for Topology Optimized Patient Individual Implants (M.F. Zäh)
4. The Metal Cutting Process – Can We Bridge the Gaps Between Material Behavior, Friction, Plasto Mechanics, the Mathematical/Physical Description and the Dynamic Chip Formation/Curling in Turning (W. Lortz, R. Wertheim)
5. Investigations on Thermally Induced Distortions During Machining of Ti-6Al-4V by Using Local Cryogenic Machining (F. Zanger, V. Schulze, P. Bolig)
6. Drilling of Inconel 718 (P. Arrazola)
7. Modeling Method for Machining Induced Temperature Distributions in Workpieces (T. Grove, B. Denkena)

Keynote paper presentation and paper session on “Cutting” in Guimaraes, Portugal, August 2016

The STC “C” keynote paper entitled “Cryogenically-assisted Processing of Materials”, authored by I.S. Jawahir, H. Attia, D. Biermann, J. Duflou, F. Klocke, D. Meyer, S.T. Newman, F. Pusavec, M. Putz, J. Rech, V. Schulze was presented in the “Cutting” (“C”) session (Part I).
In addition, in the STC “C” paper session (Part 1) of the General Assembly in Guimaraes, a total of 20 papers were presented and discussed.

Keynote papers

2016: Cryogenically-Assisted Processing of Materials - I.S. Jawahir (1) et al.
2017: Advances in Material and Friction Data for Modeling of Metal Machining - S. Melkote (2), W. Grzesik (2)
2018: Deep-hole Drilling, D. Biermann, F. Bleicher, U. Heisel, F. Klocke, A. Shih

Working Groups with STC “C” Involvement/Support

1. Self-optimizing Machining Systems (2016-2019)

CIRP sponsored conferences with STC-C approval

1. 7th CIRP Conference on High Performance Cutting HPC 2016 in Chemnitz, Germany
2. 8th CIRP Conference on High Performance Cutting HPC 2018 in Budapest, Hungary

S. Melkote
Secretary STC “C”